Publications

2022

Bale, A. (2022). Partitives, Comparatives and Proportional Measurement. In: Gotzner, N., Sauerland, U. (eds) Measurements, Numerals and Scales. Palgrave Studies in Pragmatics, Language and Cognition. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. pp.  11-34. [Publisher’s Link, Draft]

2021

Bale, A., D. Shanks, and B. Schwarz. (2021). Monotonicity revisited: mass nouns and comparisons of purity. Journal of Semantics 38(4), 681-708. [Publisher’s Link, Draft]

Bale, A. (2021). Number and the Mass-Count distinction. In P. Cabredo Hofherr and J. Doetjes (eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Grammatical Number. Oxford University Press. [Publisher’s link, Draft]

Bale, A. (2021). Ontology, number agreement and the mass-count distinction. In T. Kiss, F. J. Pelletier, and H. Husić (eds.), The Semantics of the Mass-Count Distinction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 237-260 [Publisher’s Link, Draft]

2020

Bale, A. and B. Schwarz. (2020) Proportional readings of many and few: the case for an underspecified measure function. Linguistics and Philosophy 43, 673-699. [Journal, Draft]

Skordos, D., Feiman, R., Bale, A., Barner, D. (2020) Do children interpret ‘or’ conjunctively? Journal of Semantics 37(2), 247-267. [Journal, Draft]

Bale, A. (2020) Compounded Scales. In P. Hallman (ed.) Interactions of Degree and Degree and Quantification. Syntax and Semantics, Volume 42. Leiden/Boston: Brill. 205-230. [Publisher’s link, Draft]

Bale, A. and B. Gillon. (2020) Re-examining the mass-count distinction. In F. Moltmann (ed.), Mass and Count in linguistics, philosophy and cognitive science. Amsterdam: Benjamins. pp. 16-36. [Publisher’s link, Draft]

Bale, A., C. Reiss, and D. Shen. (2020). Sets, Rules and Natural Classes: {} vs. [ ]. Loquens 6(2), e065. [Journal (open access), Draft]

2019

Bale, A., J. Coon and N. Arcos López. (2019) Classifiers, partitions, and measurements: Exploring the syntax and semantics of sortal classifiers. Glossa: a journal of general linguistics, 4(1) 77. [Journal (open access)]

Bale, A. and B. Schwarz. (2019) Reverse proportionality without context dependent standards. In M. T. Espinal, E. Castroviejo, M. Leonetti, L. McNally and C. Real-Puigdollers (eds.) Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 23, vol. 1, pp. 93–107. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra (Cerdanyola del Vallès). [PDF]

Bale, A., Schwarz, B. and *Shanks, D. (2019) Monotonicity restored: more never means purer. J. Schlöder, D. McHugh, and F. Roelofsen (eds.) Proceedings of the 22nd Amsterdam Colloquium. 445-454. [PDF]

2018

Bale, A. and Reiss, C. (2018) Phonology: A formal introduction. MIT Press. Cambridge, Massachusetts. [Publishers link]

Bale, A., J. Coon and N. Arcos López.(2018) Counting banana trees in Ch’ol: Determining whether nouns or classifiers are the grammatical source of individuation. Manuscript [Draft]

Bale, Alan and David Barner. (2018). Quantity judgment and the mass-count distinction across languages: Advances, problems, and future directions for research. Glossa: a journal of general linguistics 3(1): 63. 1-23. [Journal (open access)]

Sullivan, J., A. Bale and D. Barner. (2018). Most preschoolers don’t know “most”. Language Learning and Development 14(4), 320-338. [Draft, Journal Page]

Hochstein, L., A. Bale and D. Barner. (2018). Scalar implicature in absence of epistemic reasoning? The case of Autism Spectrum Disorders. Language Learning and Development 14(3), 224-240. [Draft, Journal Page]

Barner, D., L. Hochstein, M. Rubenson, and A. Bale. (2018). Four-year-old children compute scalar implicatures in absence of epistemic reasoning. In Kristen Syrett and Sudha Arunachalam (eds.), Semantics in Language Acquisition. Amsterdam: Benjamins. pp. 326-349. [Draft, Publisher’s Link]

2016

Bale, A. (Manuscript). Sentential Oddities and the Mass-Count Distinction: Do colourful ideas sleep calmly? [Link to PDF]

2014

Bale, A. and Khanjian, H. (2014). Syntactic complexity and competition: The singular-plural distinction in Western Armenian. Linguistic Inquiry 45(1) 1-26. [PDF]

Bale, A. (2014). To agree without AGREE: The case for semantic agreement. In H-L. Huang, E. Poole and A. Rysling (eds.) NELS 43: Proceedings of the 43rd annual meeting of the North East Linguistic Society, v1. 13-24. [PDF]

Coon, J. and A. Bale. (2014). The interaction of person and number in Mi’gmaq. Nordlyd 41(1): 85-101. [PDF]

Hochstein, L., A. Bale, D. Fox and D. Barner. (2014). Ignorance and inference: Access to alternatives limits children\’s capacity to compute scalar implicature. Journal of Semantics. [PDF]

Bale, A. and J. Coon. (2014). Classifiers are for numerals, not nouns: Evidence from Mi’gmaq and Chol. Linguistic Inquiry 45(4): 695-707. [PDF]

Bale, A., M. Papillon and C. Reiss. (2014). Targeting underspecified segments: A formal analysis of feature changing and feature filling rules. Lingua 148: 240-253. [Journal]

2013

Bale, A. & Barner, D. (2013). Grammatical alternatives and pragmatic development. In Anamaria Falaus (ed.), Alternatives in Semantics: Palgrave Studies in Pragmatics, Language and Cognition. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 238-266

Bale, A. (2013). Number, competition and syntactic complexity. In Proceedings of the 41st annual meeting of the North East Linguistic Society (NELS 41). [PDF]

2012

Bale, A. and Barner, D. (2012) Semantic triggers, linguistic variation and the mass-count distinction. In Diane Massam (ed.), Count and Mass Across Languages. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 238-260.

2011

Bale, A. (2011). Scales and comparison classes. Natural Language Semantics 19(2): 169-190. [Journal]

Barner, D., Brooks, N. and Bale, A. (2011). Accessing the unsaid: The role of scalar alternatives in children’s pragmatic inference. Cognition 188: 87-96. [PDF]

Bale, A., M. Gagnon & H. Khanjian (2011). On the relationship between morphological and semantic markedness: The case of plural morphology. Morphology 21(2). 197-221. [Journal]

Barner, D., & Bale, A. (2011). Mass-count distinction. In M. Aronoff (ed.), Oxford Bibliographies Online. Oxford University Press.

Bale, A., M. Gagnon and H. Khanjian. (2011). Cross-linguistic representations of numerals and number marking. In N. Li and D. Lutz (eds.) Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory (SALT) XX. pp. 582-598. [PDF]

Barner, A., N. Brooks and A. Bale (2011). Quantity implicature and access to scalar alternatives in language acquisition. In N. Li and D. Lutz (eds.) Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory (SALT) XX. pp. 525-554. [Journal]

2010

Brooks, N., A. Bale and D. Barner. (2010). Accessing the unsaid: The role of scalar alternatives in children’s pragmatic inference. In S. Ohlsson and R. Catrambone (eds.) Proceedings of the Thirty-second Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. pp. 1178-1183.

2009

Bale, A. & Barner, D. (2009) The interpretation of functional heads: Exploring the mass/count distinction. Journal of Semantics 26(3): 217-252. [Journal]

Bale, A. (2009) Yet more evidence for the emptiness of plurality. In A. Schardl, M. Walkow & M. Abdurrahman (eds.), NELS 38: Proceedings of the 38th annual meeting of the North East Linguistic Society, v.1. 75-88. [PDF]

Bale, A. and H. Khanjian (2009). Classifiers and number marking. In T. Friedman and S. Ito (eds.), Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory (SALT) XVIII. . Ithaca, New York: CLC Publications. 73-89.

2008

Bale, A. (2008). A universal scale of comparison. Linguistics and Philosophy 31(1): 1-55. [Journal]

2007

Bale, A. (2007). Quantifiers and verb phrases: An exploration of propositional complexity. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, 25(3): 447-483. [Journal]

2006

Shultz, T. R., & Bale, A. C. (2006). Neural networks discover an identity relation to distinguish simple syntactic forms. Minds and Machines16: 107-139.

May, R., & Bale, A. (2006). Inverse linking. In M. Everaert and H. van Riemsdijk (eds.), Blackwell Companion to Syntax. Oxford: Blackwell.

Bale, A. (2006). Quantifiers, ‘again’ and the complexity of verb phrases. In E. Georgala and J. Howell (eds.), Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory (SALT) XV. Ithaca, New York: CLC Publications.

2005

Barner, D., & Bale, A. (2005). No nouns, no verbs? Rejoinder to Panagiotidis. Lingua, 115, 1169-1179. [Journal]

2002

Barner, D., & Bale, A. (2002). No nouns, no verbs: Psycholinguistic arguments in favor of lexical underspecification. Lingua, 112 , 771-791. [Journal]

2001

Shultz, T. R., & Bale, A. C. (2001). Neural network simulation of infant familiarization to artificial sentences: Rule-like behavior without explicit rules and variables. Infancy, 2, 501-536.

2000

Shultz, T. R., & Bale, A. C. (2000). Infant familiarization to artificial sentences: Rule-like behavior without explicit rules and variables. Proceedings of the Twenty-second Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 459-463). Mahwah, NJ:Erlbaum.